Location : Near Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Attraction : Cave temples cut out of rocks
How to reach : One can reach Ajanta Cave Temple by taking regular Buses or by hiring Taxis from anywhere in Maharashtra
Ajanta Cave Temple is the marvelous architectural wonder that depicts the rich legacy of India. Acknowledged since the globe heritage website, Ajanta Caves are renowned all through the Globe. Situated near Aurangabad, Ajanta Cave Temple might be reached easily from anywhere in Maharashtra by implies of typical tourist buses or by hiring taxis. The nearest airport is situated at Aurangabad that lies at a distance of 99 kms from the temples. The charisma, of these caves, attracts thousands and thousands of guests each and each and every year.
Inside the early 19th century, the long buried Ajanta Caves had been discovered unknowingly by a British Army Officer. At this juncture, the lovely sculpted caves that had been lying deep inside the Sahyadri Hills, above the Waghora River, came into the sight. The cave temples are sited in a very horse-shoe shaped cliff, where Wagura is flowing in the bottom. Wagura River falls from a height of 200 feet, consequently creating a sequence of waterfalls. The thud of those waterfalls might be effortlessly noticed within the Caves.
Cut from rocks, Ajanta Caves trace their origin in between 2nd century BC and 6th century AD. Ajanta Cave Temples are dedicated to Lord Buddha. Not less than 30 in number, these caves utilized to make the lodging of followers and college students of Buddhism. Throughout the time of their stay, they adorned the caves with their excellent architectural skills and creative paintings. Usually, the carvings plus the paintings illustrate the life stories of Lord Buddha. Together with this, several types of human and animal figures are also engraved in the rocks.
The pictorial carvings and murals at Ajanta depict the modern day society of those instances. The artistic sculptures introduced every type of populace from kings to slaves, from males to girls, from children to beasts along with flowers plants, fruits and birds. You’ll find some figures that portray the inhabitants like ‘Yakshas’, ‘Kinneras’ (half human and 50 % bird), ‘Gandharvas’ (divine musicians) and ‘Apsaras’ (heavenly dancers).
All of the thirty caves are divided into ‘Chaitya-Grihas’ (stupa halls) and ‘Viharas’ (dwelling halls). So that you can reach every cave, one has to flight of steps which are preserved in their original construction. The Cave 9, ten, 19, 26 and 29 are known as ‘Chaitya-Grihas’, which had been utilized for that worship on the Lord. The remaining caves are ‘Sangharamas’ or ‘Viharas’ that had been utilized for that housing purpose from the followers and students of Buddhism.
The caves are numbered as per their current access from the principal entrance and had been not erected inside the exact same order. From artistic point of view, Cave 1, two, 16 and 17 are genuinely crucial and possess remarkable pieces of art that can certainly beat art from the contemporary world. The walls of those caves are adorned with murals that are maintained to offer the same allure and vibrancy in the bygone era.
The wall paintings from the caves are produced using the Tempera method. This method entails painting on the dry surface, right after the wall is coated with one cm thick layer of a combination created of clay, cow dung and rice husks. The painting is coated with a coat of lime on completion. In individual’s times, the colors employed to be organic.
As per the facts uncovered by Archeological division, the caves were carved out in two diverse segments, with a gap of more or less 4 centuries. The caves made within the first segment, date back to 2nd century BC whereas the caves on the second section are mentioned to get been made by the Vakatakas plus the Guptas. Every cave comprises carvings and paintings representing the incidents of Buddha’s life, Bodhisattvas and also the Jatakas.